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 Iron Requirements of Indian Children and Adults

  Last Updated : Jul 27,2020

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Iron Requirements of Indian Children and Adults

What is Iron?
Iron is an important nutrient for our body and for our health. It helps our cells "breathe". Iron (“haeme”) works with protein (“globin”) to make the “haemoglobin” in red blood cells. The haemoglobin carries oxygen to all parts of the body so it can perform its normal functions. Iron is also a part of myoglobin, a protein that helps muscle cells store oxygen. Without enough iron, the body’s fuel cannot be properly synthesized. Iron is present in many foods and absorbed into the body through the stomach and is stored in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow.

Function of Iron in Body:
* To carry oxygen around the body – Every cell in the body needs oxygen. Think of our blood stream as a highway and iron (present in the haemoglobin) as a vehicle that carriers oxygen from our lungs to wherever it is needed. It is easy to see why iron is vital for life.

* Ensuring a healthy immune system – The cells which fight infection and defend the body against foreign organisms depend on adequate stores of iron. If our iron stores are low our body is prone to more frequent infections.

* Making energyIron is essential in the chemical reactions that produce energy from foods. Therefore, if the iron levels are inadequate, then our body may not be able to use all the energy available to it.

Click here to see your Sources of Iron Rich Food.

Daily Iron Requirements of Indians
The amount of Iron we need depends on our age, gender and activity level. The table given below highlights the iron requirements per day and its need for different age groups.

Age Group Requirement mg/day Need for Iron
Infants and children 1-3 years
4-6 years
7-9 years

9 (mg/day)
13 (mg/day)
16 (mg/day)
Because of the rapid growth and develment
Boy / Men
10-12 years
13-15 years
16-17 years
19+ years

21 (mg/day)
32 (mg/day)
28 (mg/day) )
17 (mg/day)
For maintain their iron stores and hemoglobin levels.
Girls / Women
10-12 years
13-15 years
16-17 years
19+ years

27 (mg/day)
27 (mg/day)
26 (mg/day) )
21 (mg/day)
Puberty promotes quick and rapid growth spurt in adolescent and so the need for iron is high.
Women of childbearing age have increased need because of the losses from menstruation.
18+ years
35 (mg/day) The growing fetus has high requirements of iron, which needs to be supplemented through mum’s diet.
The blood loss during childbirth adds on to the need. The reason for which an iron supplement is recommended for pregnant women.

More information on Iron.
Anaemia Causes, Symptoms, Tackling, Dos and Don’t
Sources of Iron Rich Food
Iron Rich recipes
Iron Rich Breakfast recipes

Given below are some Iron rich recipes. We would love to hear from you if you liked the article. Please post your comments. Thanks!

iron requirements of indian children and adults

 by Tarla Dalal
Pandoli is a Gujarati snack cooked in a unique style using a double boiler. Chola dal reinforces this recipe with nutrients like protein , calcium , iron and folic acid. However, it is very important to soak the dal for a few hours to increase its digestibility. You can also make pandolis in moulds. I have added spinach to make the pandolis interesting and colourful; actually, you can add any leafy vegetable of your choice. Enjoy this healthy steamed snack with Healthy Green Chutney or Healthy Coconut Chutney .
 by Tarla Dalal
This may sound like a strange combination but it’s chock full of vitamin c, and acts as a great detoxifier! pineapple also provides iron while coriander and ginger add a distinct flavour to this stress-busting juice. Serve it immediately to prevent the coriander from turning black.
 by Tarla Dalal
warm honey lemon water with turmeric | anti-inflammatory recipe for cold | anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal cold remedy with turmeric | ant-inflammatory homey lemon water | with 6 amazing images. Warm Honey Lemon Water with Turmeric is a simple detox solution that can be consumed everyday, first thing in the morning. We all know that lemon juice and turmeric have amazing health benefits – and this easy recipe brings both together. Making Warm Honey Lemon Water with Turmeric is very simple. You just need 3 ingredients – honey, lemon juice and water which have to combined with warm water. Mix them well and your health potion as a remedy to cold and cough is ready to be served. Turmeric powder (haldi), which is found in everyone’s masala dabba is obtained by boiling the roots for hours, drying them for weeks and then grinding them in huge grinders to get the powder. It aids digestion by stimulating the flow of bile, and is also known to have wonderful antiseptic properties. In anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal cold remedy with turmeric, you will need ¼ tsp of turmeric powder. The turmeric used in anti-inflammatory recipe for cold has many other benefits. Thanks to this antiseptic action, turmeric is used for treating dysentery and diarrhoea, which are caused by microorganisms. Perhaps because we use it in small quantities, many people are not aware of the rich iron content in turmeric, which works against anaemia. Curcumin, an anti-inflammatory compound in turmeric helps relieve inflammation of the joints. Of course, the benefits of lemon juice in warm honey lemon water with turmeric cannot be forgotten either. It helps to boost your metabolism early in the morning, is a good source of antioxidant vitamin C , and helps to freshen breath too. Honey in ant-inflammatory homey lemon water helps to balance the flavours, making this Warm Honey Lemon Water with Turmeric a pleasure to sip on first thing in the morning. That said, we recommend you use a straw to drink this, because lemon juice is acidic and may damage the enamel of your teeth if had directly without a straw. Enjoy warm honey lemon water with turmeric | anti-inflammatory recipe for cold | anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal cold remedy with turmeric | ant-inflammatory homey lemon water | with step by step photos
Leafy vegetables, especially methi, do wonders for diabetics by controlling blood sugar. Not only that, methi also does wonders to the flavour of any dish it is added to, with its unique, mildly-bitter taste and splendid aroma. Here, methi is mixed with whole wheat flour and oats to make a healthy snack, flavoured with sesame seeds and ajwain. Curd is added to the dough to improve the texture of the Methi Crispies and also to impart a slight tanginess, which complements the bitterness of the fenugreek leaves beautifully. Make a batch of these Healthy Methi Crispies and store in a jar, to enjoy with your favourite low calorie dip.
 by Tarla Dalal
masoor dal and vegetable khichdi recipe | tadkewali masoor dal khichdi | Bengali masoor dal khichuri | healthy masoor dal khichdi | with 33 amazing images. masoor dal and vegetable khichdi recipe | tadkewali masoor dal khichdi | Bengali masoor dal khichuri | healthy masoor dal khichdi is a nourishing one dish meal. Learn how to make tadkewali masoor dal khichdi. To make masoor dal and vegetable khichdi, soak masoor dal and brown rice in enough water for 30 minutes. Drain well and keep aside. Heat the ghee in a pressure cooker, add the cloves, cinnamon, cumin seeds, cardamom and asafoetida and sauté on a medium flame for a few seconds. Add the onions and garlic paste and sauté on a medium flame for 1 minute. Add the green peas, potatoes and french beans and sauté on a medium flame for another 2 minutes. Add the rice, masoor dal, turmeric powder, green chilli paste and salt and sauté on a medium flame for 2 minutes. Add 4 cups of water, mix well and pressure cook for 2 whistles. Allow the steam to escape before opening the lid. Serve hot. Need an iron-boost? Go for this soothing Bengali masoor dal khichuri! Made of a wholesome combination of dal, rice and vegetables cooked with aromatic spices, this traditional khichdi gives several nutrients including a significant amount of iron (4.2 mg) per serving. Flavourful and nutritious, this sumptuous healthy masoor dal khichdi is a complete meal in its own right. Use of brown rice and vegetables add on to its fibre count, which is necessary for a healthy digestive system. Fibre is also a nutrient which helps to manage cholesterol levels and thus can be enjoyed by heart patients. The tadkewali masoor dal khichdi is also a good source of protein – a nutrient which helps to build cell health. B vitamins, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc are a few other nutrients this khichdi is enriched with. Tips for masoor dal and vegetable khichdi. 1. Do not forget to soak the masoor dal as it helps to reduce the cooking time. 2. Healthy individuals can omit the use of potatoes and reduce the quantity of brown rice and proportionately increase the quantity of masoor dal. Enjoy masoor dal and vegetable khichdi recipe | tadkewali masoor dal khichdi | Bengali masoor dal khichuri | healthy masoor dal khichdi | with step by step photos.
 by Tarla Dalal
oats moong dal tikki recipe | moong dal tikki with oats | healthy oats moong dal tikki | with amazing 23 pictures On a diet or wanting to eat super healthy Indian snack? We have one of the tastiest healthy recipe which would give a treat to your taste buds in Oats moong dal tikki!! It is extremely easy and quick to make. We have used no complex but all easily available ingredients in making the recipe. Healthy oats moong dal tikki is also a easy way to add oats to your diet, as some people do not like the taste of oats. Oats Moong Dal Tikki is a fibre and protein rich recipe!! We have made it using yellow moong dal with we have boiled and coarsely crushed in a blender, further we have added oats which are full of fibre and make the recipe healthy, some fresh curds, onions for enhancing taste, green chillies for some spice and some Indian masala's which include chat masala for tanginess, garam masala, red chilli powder and turmeric. All these ingredients are mixed together, rolled in tikkis and cooked on tava with 1/8 tsp of oil . Make sure you press the moong dal tikki with oats properly and cook them on a medium flame or they might remain uncooked!! To make perfect oats moong dal tikki make sure while boiling the dal, you do not over boil it as the recipes needs you to grind it into a course paste. If you over boil the dal, you’ll get a runny paste and the texture of the tikki would be lost and it will also get difficult for rolling of the tikki’s. This moong dal tikki with oats recipe makes a perfect evening snack, or a starter recipe too!! The tikki's are luscious and full of flavours!! This tikki's are quite filling and you can also use them to make your burgers and can end up making a snaky meal!! Serve the healthy oats moong dal tikki immediately with healthy green chutney!! Enjoy oats moong dal tikki recipe | moong dal tikki with oats | healthy oats moong dal tikki | with detailed step by step photos and video below.
 by Tarla Dalal
Main highlight of this recipe is use of chana dal, masoor dal and mixed sprouts. These are considered to be high in protein, but addition of Paneer improves the quality of the protein. Also use of pulses makes this recipe high in fibre and iron….Serve it immediately with lovely green chutney and see how these tikkis disappear in a few minutes
 by Tarla Dalal
A beautiful subzi for valuable good health, Beetroot Tikkis in Spinach Gravy features a colourful and thoughtful combination of ingredients. Beetroot and carrot together with tangy spices gives rise to a lip-smacking tikki that goes just too well with the garlic-flavoured spinach gravy. Beetroot being a storehouse of antioxidants helps iron in doing its activities, while the use of oats as a binding agent instead of potatoes or cornflour makes the recipe fibre-rich too.
 by Tarla Dalal
The Palak Raita with Onions and Tomatoes is a vibrant gastronomic treat, that is visually very appealing too. The bowl features a splash of colours like green and red, and a burst of flavours from black salt, onions and tomatoes. The raita is so simple to make, yet tastes very refreshing. It has no masala powders, but the tinge of black salt works well with the onions and tomatoes to boost the flavour of the palak raita. Onions also give it an exciting crunch, while tomatoes share their tanginess. Serve this awesome raita chilled. Makes a fiting accompaniment to rotis like Multigrain Garlic Roti , Stuffed Bajra Roti , Jowar Methi Roti , Jowar Bajre Ki Roti and parathas like Green Pea Parathas and Paneer Paratha .
Do you tend to use the cauliflower and throw away the greens? Don’t do that ever again, because what you consider as waste is actually a tasty, green, nutri-dense ingredient that can be used to make awesomely tasty dishes like this one! The Cauliflower Greens, Methi and Palak Healthy Subzi features a thoughtful combination of greens, cooked with onions, tomatoes and everyday spice powders. Cauliflower greens as well as the other greens used here are rich in iron and folic acid, which help raise your haemoglobin levels. This healthy subzi gives a good iron boost, especially for pregnant women. Mildly spiced but super tasty, the greens are also cooked in minimal fat so it is good for those with diabetes and heart problems too.
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