Last Updated : Jun 11,2024

What is jaggery, gur, gud? Glossary | Benefits, Uses, Recipes with jaggery, gur, gud |
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Also known as
gur, gud, gol.

What is jaggery, gur, gud?

Jaggery is a traditional unrefined non-centrifugal sugar consumed in Asia. It is a concentrated product of cane juice, wherein the molasses and crystals are not separated. It can vary in colour from golden brown to dark brown in colour. It contains up to 50% sucrose, up to 20% invert sugars, moisture content of up to 20%, and the remainder is made up of other insoluble matter such as ash, proteins and bagasse fibres.

Jaggery is also sometimes made from the sap of the date palm. This is costlier and also available only locally in districts where it is made. The sago palm and coconut palm are also now tapped for producing jaggery in southern India and Sri Lanka.

Black jaggery
Chopped jaggery
Place the block of jaggery on a chopping board and chop it finely or roughly as per recipe requirements.
Grated jaggery
Grate a block of jaggery using a grater into fine or thick shavings as per the recipe requirement.

How to select jaggery, gur, gud

• At present, the jaggery being produced in India has no set standards for manufacturing. Chemicals like hydrosulfate, synthetic colours and additives may get added.
• It would be best to buy jaggery from reputed dealers.
• The jaggery should appear clean, attractive and possess a unique sweet smell.
• If it is too dry and fine, with a polished golden colour, it is likely that is has been treated with a lot of chemicals. So, prefer the stickier, darker coloured jaggery.

Culinary Uses of jaggery, gur, gud in Indian Cooking

• In Maharashtra, most vegetables curries and dals contain jaggery.
• Jaggery is used a lot during Makara Sankaranti (Pongal) time all over the country. In Maharashtra it is used to make sweets like tilgul, while in Tamilnadu it is used to make sweet pongal (chakkarai pongal), payasam (kheer), etc. In some form or the other, it is included in festive cooking.
• In rural Maharashtra, water and a piece of jaggery are given when someone arrives home after working in the hot sun.
• Kakvi, a by-product of the production of jaggery, is also used in rural Maharashtra as a sweetener.
• Jaggery is regularly consumed as a sweetener and is a part of many sweet delicacies such as gur ka chawal (rice with jaggery), which is a traditional Rajasthani dish.
• A pinch of jaggery is sometimes added to spicy preparations like sambhar, rasam and other gravies, to enhance the other flavours.
• Jaggery is also added to lentil soups to add sweetness to balance the spicy, salty and sour components, particularly in Gujarati cuisine.
• Many sweet dishes are made by mixing jaggery with milk and coconut or with nuts like cashew.

How to store jaggery, gur, gud

• Store in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.

Health benefits of jaggery, gur, gud

Jaggery has some minerals and a few health benefits to its credits.

1. Filled with Iron
Jaggery, like beaten rice (poha), is recognized for being made in an iron vessel and thus provides about 1 mg iron from ¼ cup. Iron is the key nutrient for making up your haemoglobin count and supplying oxygen and nutrients to all organs of our body.

2. Fair Source of Other Minerals
Calcium and phosphorus are the other 2 minerals jaggery is a fairly good source of. These 2 work hand-in-hand to build strong bones and teeth.

For complete Health Benefits of Jaggery read this article.

Nutritive Information of Jaggery (Gur):
¼ cup of chopped jaggery is about 38 grams
RDA stands for Recommended Daily Allowance.

Energy - 145 calories
Protein – 0.1 g
Carbohydrate – 36.1 g
Fat – 0 g
Fibre – 0 g

Related Links

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