Veg recipes using Besan
In case of Indian cuisine, besan should be called all-purpose flour instead of Maida!
Besan or gram flour is a pale yellow colored, nutty flavored flour made by grinding Chana dal (Bengal gram). The Chana dal can be either raw or roasted, when roasted it has a stronger flavor which is better than the raw bitter flour. Besan is high in protein content, gluten-free and rich in other nutrients like magnesium, calcium, zinc, and iron. Owing anti-microbial properties, besan is mixed with different ingredients to create a home-made pack that acts as a cleanser in exfoliating all types of skin.
You can make besan flour at home by grinding (preferably roasted) Bengal gram in a food processor until the mixture becomes a fine powder. You can store this flour in an air-tight container in the refrigerator for up to six months or in the freezer for up to twelve months.
Other than pakora, besan is used exclusively as the main ingredient in a variety of dishes. It can be used as a thickener in gravies, as a batter for frying, binding agent in kebab/patty, egg replacer.
Besan as a Binding agent
Chickpea flour is very absorbent and can be used as a binding agent while making varieties of appetizers (be it kebab/tikka/patty). Give a healthy twist to the very famous aloo tikki? Make these sprouts tikki for starter or evening snacks. How about marinating some cottage cheese with curd and dry spices? Relish hot paneer tikka with mint chutney! Also, you can deep fry some crumbly, melt-in the mouth Paneer cheese balls or cocktail-sized vegetable kebab for your next party!
Besan as an egg replacer
Escalate your energy levels at the start of the day with these light on tummy, easy to make besan chilla. These protein packed, low in calories chilla is surely going to lead you to a beautiful day. Try making Lauki chilla which are packed with succulence of bottle gourd, tanginess of curd and the warmth of chilli powder. If you don't like lauki then flip some tomato omelette.
Besan as thickening agent
Be it the sweet Gujarati Kadhi, Rajasthani Pakoda kadhi or the Punjabi kadhi, besan forms an integral part in these dishes.
Besan as the main ingredient
From Gujarat's authentic snack Khandvi , Rajasthani gravy gatte ki subzi, Maharashtra's batata vada to a number of famous Indian sweets like barfi, laddoo , gujiya and sheera, besan plays a vital role in creating them. It is also used to make an array of dry snacks like the South India's ribbon sev, Gujarat's fafda, chakli or fried masala peanut.