Mustard seeds are the small seeds of the various mustard plants. The seeds are about 3 mm in diameter, and may be colored from yellowish to blaclish yellow. While there are approximately forty different varieties of mustard plants, there are three principal types used to make mustard seeds: black mustard (Brassica nigra), white mustard (Brassica alba) and brown mustard (Brassica juncea). Black mustard seeds have the most pungent taste, while white mustard seeds, which are actually yellow in color, are the most mild and are the ones used to make American yellow mustard. Yellow Mustard seeds or mustard powder can be used as a condiment in a variety of dishes. Mustard seeds can be used as is or can be roasted in a skillet. While dried mustard powder does not have a very strong quality, mixing it with water initiates an enzymatic process that enhances its pungency and heat. To moderate its sharp flavor, you can either add some very hot water or an acidic substance such as vinegar, either of which will stop the enzymatic process.
Yellow mustard powder- roast the seeds and blenderize it into coarse or fine powder depending on the recipe.
Crushed mustard seeds- Crush the seeds after roasting into a coarse powder and use as per the recipe.
Yellow mustard paste-You can easily make your own mustard condiment by first macerating the seeds in wine, vinegar or water. Grind them into a smooth paste, adding herbs and spices such as tarragon, turmeric, garlic, pepper, paprika or any others that you prefer to give your homemade mustard its own unique taste.
How to select
Yellow Mustard seeds are sold either whole or as a ground powder. Even through dried herbs and spices are widely available in supermarkets, explore the local spice stores in your area. Oftentimes, these stores feature an expansive selection of dried herbs and spices that are of superior quality and freshness compared to those offered in regular markets. Just like with other dried spices, try to select organically grown mustard seeds or powder since this will give you more assurance that the herbs have not been irradiated.
" Dredge chicken breast in prepared mustard and whole mustard seeds and bake.
" Add some yellow mustard to your favorite vinaigrette dressing.
" Make a delicious cold millet salad by combining the cooked and cooled grain with chopped scallions, baked tofu cubes, garden peas and yellow mustard seeds. Dress with lemon juice and olive oil.
" Marinate salmon fillets in a combination of yellow mustard paste and white wine.
" Combine prepared mustard with honey and the seasonings of your choice to make a pungently sweet dipping sauce.
" Add a collage of taste and color to rice by sprinkling some yellow or white mustard seeds on top.
How to store
Yellow Mustard powder and yellow mustard seeds should be kept in a tightly sealed container in a cool, dark and dry place. Prepared yellow mustard and mustard oil should both be refrigerated.
" Yellow Mustard seeds are a very good source of selenium and omega-3 fatty acids.
" They are also a good source of phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, dietary fiber, iron, calcium, protein, niacin and zinc.