Wheat noodles refer to the long, round or flat noodles ( staple in Chinese cuisine) which are prepared from wheat flour, water and salt. The dough for noodles made from wheat flour is typically made from wheat flour, salt, and water, with the addition of eggs or lye depending on the desired texture and taste of the noodles .Egg, lye, or food coloring may also be added to noodles made from wheat flour in order to give the noodles a yellow color. Arrowroot or tapioca starch is sometimes added to the flour mixture in low quantities to change the texture and tenderness of the noodles' strands. Wheat noodles also cook very quickly, generally requiring less than 5 minutes to become al dente (cooked through, but still firm )with thinner noodles requiring less time to cook. The shape and size of wheat noodles vary as per the place of their origin, which may be Japan, China, Vietnam or Korea.
Egg wheat noodles
These wheat noodles are made with eggs, which adds flavor, color, and body. They're often used to make chow mein (in which the cooked noodles are formed into a pancake and fried on both sides) and lo mein (in which the noodles are stir-fried along with the other ingredients). Chow mein noodles are usually cut a bit thinner than lo mein noodles, but the two can be used interchangeably.
Wheat starch noodles :
These delicate noodles are mostly used in soups. They're available fresh, dried, or frozen, and they come in various sizes, some as thin as vermicelli, others as thick and wide as fettuccine
Flat wheat noodles- The flat noodles are usually prepared in long sections, and may appear in more than one thickness.
The round types of these wheat noodles are usually very thin and often appear as long coiled sections. Round noodles are often used as a base when preparing soup with a few vegetables and a beef or chicken based broth.
Cooked whole wheat noodles
Cooked whole wheat noodles are prepared by cooking raw whole wheat noodles in boiling water with a pinch of salt and a teaspoon of oil added to it. Boil the noodles for about 5 to 8 minute or till they are cooked well. Drain and wash with cold water to prevent overcooking of noodles with the steam. The boiled and cooked whole wheat noodles may then be used in a variety of recipes.
How to select
Look for the place of origin and the specific shape and the size of the noodles. The selection of a particular shape varies as per individual preference and recipe requirement. Wet noodles should be bought from the refrigerated section after checking the expiry date.
· They are generally boiled, although they may also be deep-fried in oil until crispy. Boiled noodles may then be stir fried, served with sauce or other accompaniments, or served in soup, often with meat and other ingredients.
· Wheat noodle may be added to salads or stews.
· The round Chinese wheat noodles can be used successfully with spaghetti and linguine dishes. The flat Chinese what noodles can work very well with white sauces. In fact, any French or Italian recipe that calls for pasta can be successfully made using Chinese wheat noodles.
· Chinese wheat noodles can also be used successfully in the place of rice to make a pudding, making it possible for persons who are trying to avoid a lot of starch to still enjoy something sweet with the meal.
How to store
Storing Chinese wheat noodles requires no special type of container or conditions. Like any dried pasta, it is a good idea to store the Chinese wheat noodles in an airtight container, and make sure the container is stored is a cupboard that is no more than room temperature. The dried Chinese wheat noodles will last for a year or more without losing any of the basic flavor, or developing a taste that seem slightly off. The wet noodles should be refrigerated and used within 3-4 days.
· Because Chinese wheat noodles are relatively low in cholesterol and carbohydrates, they are a great alternative to other forms of pasta
· The nutritional value varies according to the type of wheat used and the food processing techniques adopted. As a starchy carbohydrate, they are a good source of energy with a medium calorie content.
· One cup of cooked noodles contains about 210 calories, about 4 grams of protein, 27 grams of carbohydrates and 12 grams of fat.
· Typically, noodles typically contain some Vitamin A, Vitamin B3 and folate.