Also Known as
Salad Onions, Green onions, scallions
Description of Spring Onions
Spring Onions may bring a tear to your eye, and pungency to your breath, but they will most certainly bring delight to your taste buds. Despite its plain looks, has an intense flavor and is a beloved part of the cuisine of almost every region of the world.
Spring onions grow all year round. Also known as salad onions, green onions, and sometimes scallions, these mild-tasting onions are young plants, which if left in the ground, would develop into mature onions.
Spring Onions comprises of Whites and Greens
Chopped spring onion whites
Spring Onions can be peeled if the layer is dirty or unpeeled, as desired. Using a sharp knife, slice it from the top to remove the stem and then cut it into half from the centre. Cut the half portion into another half and remove the seeds from centre. Chop ingredients by cutting them in small pieces approximately ¼ inch in diameter, although the chopped food doesn't need to be exactly the same size. If the recipe calls for the ingredients to be "coarsely chopped," make the pieces slightly larger. You can even finely chop spring onion whites, as per recipe requirement.
Chopped spring onions
This is combination of both the whites and the greens. So, wash the complete bunch thoroughly. Peel the Spring Onion white as required. Using a sharp knife, slice it from the top to remove the stem and then cut it into half from the centre. Cut the half portion into another half and remove the seeds from centre. Chop ingredients by cutting them in small pieces approximately ¼ inch in diameter, although the chopped food doesn't need to be exactly the same size. If the recipe calls for the ingredients to be "coarsely chopped," make the pieces slightly larger. Similarly, chop the spring onions greens. The combination of whites and greens is either used in salad or to make vegetable
Diagonally cut spring onions
To cut the spring onions diagonally, clean, wash and place the spring onion whites and greens separately on a chopping board. For the spring onion whites, cut the tip of the onions and discard. Place the onion whites and make a series of parallel cuts diagonally using a sharp knife. Likewise, for the spring onion greens, place 2-3 spring onion greens together and similarly make a series of parallel diagonal cuts. These diagonally cut spring onions are often used as toppings and also they give prepared dish a nice look.
Sliced spring onion greens
The bunch of greens can be sliced using a sharp knife by cutting vertically across the cutting board. Slice them thinly or thickly as the recipe requirement, can used as a garnish or salad or topping.
Sliced spring onion whites
Peel the spring onion, if you would like. Then, slash it into half. Slice using a sharp knife by cutting vertically across the cutting board. Slice them thinly or thickly as the recipe requirement, can used as a garnish or salad or topping.
Sliced spring onions
This is combination of both the whites and the greens. So, wash the complete bunch thoroughly. Peel the Spring Onion white as required. Using a sharp knife, slice it from the top to remove the stem and then cut it into half from the centre. Cut the half portion into another half. Slice it using a sharp knife by cutting vertically across the cutting board. Slice them thinly or thickly as the recipe requirement, can used as a garnish or for recipes or salad.
Spring onion whites
Spring onion white is young shoots of bulb onions, and are milder tasting than large bulb onions. They have a small, not fully developed white bulb end with long green stalks. Both parts are edible. Often eaten raw, but you can also grill or sauté them.
How to Select Spring Onions
Buy slender specimens with plump, erect, deep-green leaves. They will keep in the crisper section of the refrigerator for a few days.
When selecting spring onions in the store, look for a bunch with crisp, firm leaves which are a uniform rich green. Discard specimens with discolored, slimy, or wilted leaves, and look for crisp, hard bulbs. You can keep spring onions in the fridge for a couple of days, and remember to wash them before use. You may also want to peel the outer layer of the bulb off to access the tender, crunchy interior.
The base should be whitish in color for two or three inches. Avoid those that have wilted or yellowed tops.
Culinary Uses of Spring Onions
" Use a very sharp knife and always cut the onions while standing; that way your eyes will be as far away as possible. If cutting onions really makes you cry, consider wearing glasses or goggles.
" Spring onions are great in stir fries, salads
" Spring Onion has been used as an ingredient in various dishes for thousands
of years by many cultures around the world.
" Spring Onions can be eaten raw, cooked, fried, dried or roasted
" They can be used much like green onions, except you just need to remember that they are slightly stronger.
" They are wonderful sliced very thin and sautéed with fresh spring and summer vegetables and stir- fries.
" They can be used raw, but their mature bulb is slightly more pungent than green onions. Use with a light hand in fresh green salads where more delicate flavors can be overpowered
" To prepare, trim the roots away and strip off any extra outer leaves before leaving whole or slicing. Some recipes call for the white part only, but their delicate, green tops have a milder, more subtle appeal.
" Although usually enjoyed raw in salads, they're often added to stir-fries, omelettes, and dressings.
" When chopped, they don't take long to soften in olive oil or butter - around a minute. Cook them over a gentle heat for best results.
" Try combining them in the salad bowl with orange segments, avocadoes or crisp fennel slices.
" They can be diced or chopped and added to any dish
" They can also be grilled and eaten plain, or roasted and served as a garnish or side vegetable.
" Some people enjoy eating spring onions straight with a little bit of salt, although this activity is not for the faint of heart.
" They can also be caramelized in savory tarts to bring out their natural sweetness and complex flavors.
" Spring Onion Curry is ideal to be served with chapati, roti or puri.
" Combine chopped onions, tomatoes, avocado and jalapeno for an all-in-one guacamole salsa dip.
" To perk up plain rice, sprinkle some green onions, also known as scallions, and sesame seeds on top.
" Sautéed chopped onions are so versatile that they can be added to most any vegetable dish.
" Enjoy a classic Italian salad-sliced onion, tomatoes and mozzarella cheese drizzled with olive oil.
" Spring onion with besan is commonly prepared by Maharashtrians and is an extremely delicious dish.
" Diced scallions are often used in soup, noodle and seafood dishes, and in sauces
" It is very easy to cook and will not take you than ten minutes to prepare.
How to Store Spring Onions
Remove any rubber bands or damaged leaves, wrap in a plastic bag and store in the vegetable crisper section of the refrigerator for up to 5 days. Store in the refrigerator and use promptly-they are very perishable. Keep green onions away from food that absorb odors.
Nutritional Information of Spring Onions
1 Cup of chopped spring onion is about 54 grams
RDA stands for Recommended Daily Allowance.
Energy - 14 calories
Protein - 0.9 g
Carbohydrate – 3 g
Fat – 0.1 g
Fiber – 1.3 g
0.04 mg of vitamin B1 (Thiamine) = 2.7% of RDA ( (about 1.2 to 1.6 mg for men)
0.07 mg of vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) = 4% of RDA (about 1.4 to 1.9 mg for men)
24.3 mg of Vitamin C = 60.8 % of RDA (about 40 mg)
7.4 mcg of Folate (Vitamin B9) = 7.4% of RDA (about 100 mcg)
162 mcg of vitamin A = 3.4% of RDA (about 4800 mcg)
32.4 mg of Calcium = 3.2% of RDA (about 1000 mg)
1 mg of Iron = 5% of RDA (about 20 mg)
10.8 mg of Magnesium = 3.1% of RDA (about 350 mg)
17.8 mg of Phosphorus = 3% of RDA (about 600 mg)
138.2 mg of Potassium = 2.9% of RDA (about 4700 g)
Health Benefits of Spring Onions
" Spring onions are a very good source of vitamin C, chromium and dietary fiber. They are also a good source of manganese, molybdenum, vitamin B6, and folate, potassium, phosphorous and copper.
" Spring onions protective against ovarian cancer.
" Spring onions and garlic protective against many cancers.
" Support gastrointestinal health.
" Spring onions possess antibacterial and anti fungal properties.
" Spring onions are said to the lower the glucose levels in the blood stream.
" Spring onions are a rich source of flavonoids, substances known to provide
protection against cardiovascular disease.
" Spring onions helps destroy worms and other parasites in the stomach.