Last Updated : Jul 11,2020

Mushrooms Glossary | Benefits, Uses, Recipes with Mushrooms,
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Also Known as
Button Mushrooms / Agaricus

Description of Mushrooms

Button mushroom is widely available; varies in color from white to light brown and in size from small to jumbo stuffer; plump and dome-shaped; pleasing flavor intensifies when cooked. Mature Agaricus with open veils have an intensely rich taste. Agaricus is quite versatile, being excellent for use both raw and cooked. Also available canned and dried.

Blanched and sliced mushrooms
To blanch the mushrooms, immerse them briefly in boiling water for 1-2 minutes. This will help to soften them and also partially cook to preserve colour and flavour. Remove and then plunge into cold water. Let it cool slightly. Place them on a chopping board, hold the mushrooms vertically and slice them using a sharp knife and cut them into thick or thin slices as per the recipe requirement.
Blanched mushroom
Mushrooms which have been cooked in boiling water and then refreshed. To blanch mushrooms (whole or quartered), clean and trim the mushrooms. Place them in a pot containing boiling water and allow boiling for 10 to 15 seconds. Remove and place in chilled water immediately. This will prevent "carry over" cooking. Drain the chilled water and use blanched mushrooms in recipes of your choice. Add as topping for pizzas, in sauces or stir-fried preparations and au gratins.
Blanched mushroom cubes
Wash, pat dry and place the mushrooms on a chopping board. Using a sharp knife, cut each mushroom into 2 halves vertically. Place the cut pieces together and make another cut horizontally to make small equal sized cubes. They can be cut into smaller or bigger cubes as per the recipe requirement. To blanch the mushroom cubes, immerse them briefly in boiling water for 1-2 minutes. This will help to soften and partially cook them. Remove and then plunge into cold water to prevent "carry over" cooking and preserve the colour and flavour. Since the mushroom is already blanched, the recipe gets cooked faster. Use blanched mushroom in soups, gravies or stir-fried preparation etc.
Chopped mushrooms
Clean and trim the mushrooms before chopping. Cut each mushroom lengthwise into half. Cut each half piece again lengthwise into half to get 4 equal quarters/ pieces. Use quartered mushrooms in gravies, au gratins, etc.
Mushroom cubes
Wash, pat dry and place the mushrooms on a chopping board. Using a sharp knife, cut each mushroom into 2 halves vertically. Place the cut pieces together and make another cut horizontally to make small equal sized cubes. Mushrooms can be cut into smaller or bigger cubes as per the recipe requirement. Small Cubes are wonderful addition to salads whereas large ones are used for veggies.
Sliced mushrooms
Clean and trim the mushrooms before slicing them. Cut each mushroom into two from the middle. Now, cut each cut piece into thin slices lengthwise to get sliced mushrooms. Use them in recipes which require stir frying etc since they don't require much time to cook.

How to Select Mushrooms, Button Mushrooms
When buying fresh button mushrooms, select mushrooms that are intact and firm, with tightly closed cap. Avoid mushrooms that are wrinkled, slimy, ragged, or spotted. If the gills are showing, it's an indication of age, and they are probably past their prime. Discolored, broken and damaged mushrooms with soft spots should be avoided.

Culinary Uses of Mushrooms, Button Mushrooms
" Mushrooms are extremely porous and soak up water like a sponge. Because they are mostly water, never soak fresh mushrooms.
" Be aware that salt releases the water in mushrooms, so judge the salt usage accordingly for your particular recipe.
" In most cooked recipes, different varieties of mushrooms may be used interchangeably.
" For easy marinated mushrooms, cover cleaned button mushrooms with your favorite vinaigrette, cover and refrigerate for 2 days.
" An egg-slicer makes quick work of slicing mushrooms into uniform pieces. Cut edges of mushrooms will turn dark when exposed to air.
" When they will be served raw, cut just before serving or wipe the cut edges with lemon juice.
" Mushroom powder can easily be made by grinding dried button mushrooms in a spice or coffee grinder, food processor, or heavy-duty blender. Use to flavor soups, stews, stocks, dips, and sauces.
" Avoid aluminum pans when cooking light-colored mushrooms. The aluminum will discolor the mushrooms.
" Since mushrooms contain so much water, no additional liquid is needed when cooking them in a microwave. Do not cover.
" Don't throw away mushroom stems. Trim and freeze them to use in soups and stocks.
" Mushrooms also make the use of pulses, beans and peas in vegetarian cookery more palatable and enjoyable

How to Store Mushrooms
Store button mushrooms in your refrigerator crisper where they can benefit from cool air circulation. Keep partially covered to prevent them from drying out, but never store packaged fresh button mushrooms without venting. Paper bags are a good storage alternative. Use fresh button mushrooms within three days. Store dried button mushrooms in an airtight container. Dried button mushrooms should be soaked in hot water or part of the recipe cooking liquid for about an hour before using. The liquid may be used for added flavor.

8 Super Health Benefits of Mushrooms

1. Low Calorie
One cup of Mushrooms contain only 18 calories and they are excellent for your health. Eat them often without guilt. It will add bulk to your diet and will make you feel fuller. You will feel satiated for a longer period and refrain from eating extra calories. You can try making our Low calorie mushroom recipes like Mushroom and Tomato Snack, Mushroom and Green Peas Curry and Grilled Mushrooms if you want to cut down on extra calories from your diet.

2. Low in Carbs
Mushrooms are extremely low in carbs and therefore do not raise blood glucose levels. One cup of mushrooms have only 3.44 grams of carbs.

3. Low Fat
Mushrooms contain negligible amount of fat i.e. 1 Cup will contain only 0.31 grams of fat. So it is good for weight watchers.

If you want to know the 8 Super Health Benefits of Mushrooms, click here.

Nutritional Information for 1 Mushrooms, Button Mushrooms
Nutritional Information for 1 Cup Chopped Mushrooms
One Cup of Chopped Mushrooms is 74 grams.
RDA stands for Recommended Daily Allowance.

18 Calories
1.53 grams of Protein
3.44 grams of Carbs
0.31 grams of Fat

0.33 mg of Vitamin B2, Riboflavin = 30% of RDA (about 1.1 mg)

3.04 mg of Vitamin B3, Niacin = 25.33% of RDA (about 12 mg)

0.31 mg of Vitamin B6, Pyridoxine = 15.50% of RDA (about 2 mg)

76.96 mg of Phosphorus (P) = 12.82% of RDA (about 600 mg)

15.64 mg of Folic Acid (B9) = 7.82% of RDA (about 200 mg)

9.25 mcg of Vitamin K = 7.70 % of RDA (about 120 mcg)

2.59 mg Vitamin C = 6.47% of RDA (about 40 mg)

273.8 mg of Potassium (K) = 5.82% of RDA (about 4,700 mg)

0.07 mg of Vitamin B1, Thiamine = 5.38% of RDA (about 1.2 to 1.5 mg)

0.54 mg of Zinc (Zn) = 4.90% of RDA (about 10 to 12 mg)

0.91 mg of Iron (Fe) = 4.33% of RDA (about 21 mg)

0.96 grams of Fibre = 3.84% of RDA (about 25 grams)

7.4 mg of Magnesium (Mg) = 2.11% of RDA (about 350 mg)

Glycemic Index of Mushrooms
Mushrooms has a Glycemic Index of 15 which is very low. Glycemic Index are for foods you eat, ranks carbohydrate-containing foods by how quickly they digest and raise your blood sugar or glucose levels. Foods rank from 0 to 50 are low GI, 51 to 69 are medium and 70 to 100 are high. Foods that are high in GI are not suitable for weight loss and diabetics. Foods like Mushrooms have a low GI and hence don't spike your glucose level as they are absorbed slowly. Great for weight loss and excellent for diabetics.

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