garlic, lehsun
Last Updated : Nov 26,2020


What is Garlic, Lehsun ? Glossary |Uses, Benefits + Recipes
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Also known as

Lehsun

What is Garlic, Lehsun?

Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. The bulb of garlic, the most commonly used part of the plant, is divided into numerous fleshy sections called cloves. The leaves, stems (scape), and flowers (bulbils) on the head (spathe) are also edible and are most often consumed while immature and still tender. The papery, protective layers of "skin" over various parts of the plant and the roots attached to the bulb are the only parts not considered palatable.

Chopped garlic
Separate each clove from the whole garlic bunch, peel them using a knife and discard the skin. Place each clove one by one on a chopping board and make vertical slits at regular intervals using a sharp knife. You can make thick on thin sized slits depending on whether the recipe needs roughly chopped or finely chopped garlic. Then line all the slits together on the chopping board and make horizontal slits to obtain chopped garlic.
Crushed garlic
Separate each clove from the whole garlic bunch, peel them using a knife and discard the skin. Place a fee garlic cloves in a mortar-pestle and crush them to get coarsely or finely crushed garlic.
Fried garlic
Heat the oil in a pan. Add the chopped garlic to it and stir gently but constantly until they turn golden brown in colour. Drain on an absorbent paper and use as required.
Garlic cloves
Separate each clove from the whole garlic bunch, peel them using a knife and discard the skin. You can then use it as per recipe requirements, like crush, chop, grate or slice it.
Garlic paste
Separate each clove from the whole garlic bunch, peel it using a knife and discard the skin. Chop the garlic by placing one garlic clove at a time on a chopping board and the chopped garlic into a mixer jar. Grind the chopped garlic to get a garlic paste. If you wish to store the garlic paste, ensure to add a little salt, to avoid any discolouration. You can also add salt, green chillies and other spices to enhance the flavour.
Garlic roundels
Separate each clove from the whole garlic bunch, peel it using a knife and discard the skin. Hold the peeled garlic cloves one at a time on a chopping board and slice the garlic to get thick or thin rounds as per the recipe. Making garlic roundels with a small paring knife is more comfortable.
Grated garlic
Separate each clove from the whole garlic bunch, peel them using a knife and discard the skin. Then hold the thick/ thin end of the grater in one hand and the garlic clove in the other hand. Now place the garlic on the blade and push it downwards using the force of your hands to get grated garlic. You can grate it thickly or thinly as per the recipe requirement.
Sliced garlic
Separate each clove from the whole garlic bunch, peel it using a knife and discard the skin. Cut the garlic longitudinally to get thin or thick strips as per the recipe.

How to select Garlic, Lehsun?

Try to pick out sturdy crisp stalks which do not appear wilted, and you should also check for mold and mildew on the garlic.

How to use Garlic, Lehsun?

· Garlic is widely used around the world for its pungent flavour as a seasoning or condiment. 

· It is often paired with onion, tomato, or ginger. The parchment-like skin is much like the skin of an onion and is typically removed before using in raw or cooked form 

· Garlic may be applied to breads to create a variety of classic cuisines such as Garlic Bread, Ladi Pav Garlic Bread, Garlic bread strips, garlic toast, bruschetta, crostini and canapé.  

· Children loves to eat Cheesy Garlic French Bread when they are hungry.

· Oils are often flavored with garlic cloves. These infused oils are used to season all categories of vegetables, meats, breads and pasta. 

· In some cuisine, the young bulbs are pickled for 3-6 weeks in a mixture of sugar, salt, and spices. In Europe, the shoots are pickled and eaten as an appetizer.

· Our Indian meals are alway incomplete without garlic in form of paste like Homemade Chilli Garlic Paste and Ginger-Garlic paste (Popular restaurant recipes). They are used initially during cooking to flavour our Subzis, Biryanis, TheplasParathas, Chutney, Pizza, Starters, Chinese dishes etc. 

 

How to store Garlic, Lehsun?

It is traditionally hung; softneck varieties are often braided in strands, called "plaits" or grappes. Peeled cloves may be stored in wine or vinegar in the refrigerator.

Health benefits of Garlic, Lehsun

· Garlic has been proven to lower cholesterol and thin the blood, which helps prevent stroke, high blood pressure and heart disease. Garlic is great for the heart and circulatory system.

· It blocks the growth of cancer cells; therefore, people who eat garlic tend to develop less stomach and colon cancers.

· Garlic is also alleged to help regulate blood sugar levels. Regular and prolonged use of therapeutic amounts of aged garlic extracts lower blood homocysteine level.

· In modern naturopathy, garlic is used as a treatment for intestinal worms and other intestinal parasites.

· Garlic cloves are used as a remedy for infections (especially chest problems), digestive disorders, and fungal infections.




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