Last Updated : Nov 28,2020

What is Colocasia (arbi)? Glossary | Uses, benefits + Recipes with Colocasia |
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Also Known as
Taro, Dasheen, Kalo, Arbi, Arvi 

What is colocasia (arbi)?

Botanically speaking, the taro "root" is really a corm, a thickened, underground stem of certain plants, resembling bulbs. The smaller taro, or eddo, is popular in the Indian sub continent, Caribbean and West African cooking, but wearing gloves when peeling is a necessity as it can irritate the skin. Cultivated varieties are usually the size very large potatoes, roughly top-shaped, and circled all over the surface with rough ridges. There are many lumps and spindly projecting roots. The skin is brown; but inside the flesh may be white, pink, or purple. Taro root is however very similar to, a potato. It does, however, have a hairy outer coating on its surface that is similar to the coating on a coconut. Because of this, when preparing to use a taro root, the root's outer skin must first be removed. This procedure is easy to do. However, some individuals can acquire a skin irritation towards the juices that are secreted by the taro root as its skin is being removed. Therefore, to be on the safe side, when peeling a taro root's skin, use protective rubber gloves. Additionally, because taro root can be toxic in its raw state, always cook it before using.

Boiled and chopped colocasia
To prepare, the colocasia must be peeled with a knife, to remove its skin. After peeling, submerge it in water and pressure cook it for 3 whistles on high flame or cook in boiling water till it is 80% cooked. Once boiled you can either cut it into cubes and use as per recipe requirements.
Boiled and peeled colocasia roundels
For boiled and peeled colocasia slices, first boil the colocasia in a pressure cooker, cool, peel and cut into thin or thick slices as desired. To make slices from a boiled colocasia, peel and cut the boiled colocasia into thick or thin round slices. Slice using a sharp knife by cutting horizontally across the cutting board. Use as required.
Boiled colocasia
Wash the colocasia to remove the dirt. Place it in a bowl with enough water and pressure cook it on high flame for 3 whistles or cook in boiling water till it is well cooked. Cool and then peel it.
Chopped colocasia
Clean and wash the colocasia, peel and palce them on a chopping board and cut them into desired shapes- cubes, dices, etc as per recipe requirements.
Colocasia roundels
Pace the raw or boiled colocasia on a chopping board and using a knife, cut at regular intervals across the length of the colocasia into round slices. You can make thin or thick roundels as required in the recipe. Roundels can be used in subzis, curries etc.

How to Select colocasia (arbi)
The small round variety is peeled and boiled, sold frozen, bagged in its own liquids, or canned. Choose the roots which are free from blemishes.

Culinary Uses of colocasia (arbi)
· They can be roasted, fried, or boiled; and sliced, grated or mashed.
· It can be eaten as a vegetable or combined with other veggies.
· Starchy roots consumed in large quantities include potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, taro, and cassava.
· Taro is boiled, mashed, and fermented and then served as a paste.
· ARVI PATTIES imparts a tasty flavour with ragda. Just replace half the potatoes with boiled, peeled and mashed arvi (taro root). Making this entirely with arvi will result in a slimy gooey something, since arvi tends to get a bit stickier than potato when boiled. We recommend steaming it in the microwave with a dash of water.

How to Store
Store the roots in a cool and dark area

Health Benefits of colocasia (arbi)

Colocaisa, arbi, taro root: Colocasia, also called taro root is a starchy vegetable with nutty flavour. With not very high on calorie count but substantioal amount of potassium, it is beneficial for heart. Further being low on sodium count, it can be consumed by those with high blood pressure. The fair amounts of vitamin C may help to strengthen immune system. With not very high in carbs and a low in glycemic index together, it may benefit diabetics. However, more research in this field is yet to be initiated.

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