bitter gourd
Last Updated : Oct 21,2020

What is Karela, Bitter Gourd? Uses, Benefits, Recipes with Bitter Gourd
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Also known as
Karela, Bitter melon.

What is Karela, Bitter Gourd?

Momordica charantia is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown for edible fruit, which is among the most bitter of all vegetables. English names for the plant and its fruit include bitter melon or bitter gourd. The fruit has a distinct warty looking exterior and an oblong shape. It is hollow in cross-section, with a relatively thin layer of flesh surrounding a central seed cavity filled with large flat seeds and pith. Seeds and pith appear white in unripe fruits, ripening to red; they are not intensely bitter and can be removed before cooking. The flesh is crunchy and watery in texture, similar to cucumber, chayote or green bell pepper. The skin is tender and edible. The fruit is most often eaten green. The bitter melon more typical of India has a narrower shape with pointed ends, and a surface covered with jagged, triangular "teeth" and ridges.
Bitter gourd halves
Clean wash and dry the bitter gourd. Place on a chopping board and using a sharp knife cut off the stem. Now carefully cut the bitter gourd vertically across its length to get 2 equal halves. Use as required.
Bitter gourd juliennes
With a sharp knife the gourd is sliced on four sides to create a thick rectangular stick, and then cut lengthwise into approximately 3 mm (1/8 inch) slices. Stacking these slices and again cutting lengthwise into strips creates thin uniform square sticks called juliennes. It is applied to deep frying or in stir fry techniques.
Bitter gourd peels
Peel the bitter gourd with the peeler and the peels can be later used in soups or therapeutic stews.
Bitter gourd slices
Chopped bitter gourd
To prepare bitter gourd for cooking, wash thoroughly, then cut in half lengthwise and scrape out the seeds with a sharp spoon or corer and discard.Put the washed and peeled gourd on a chopping board and chop them in small 1-2 inch sized pieces with a sharp knife.The gourd can be chopped into big chunks or small pieces as per the recipe.
Chopped bitter gourd peels
Wash the bitter gourd thoroughly and dry it. Peel the bitter gourd with a peeler and then chop the peeled skin it using a sharp knife.
Grated bitter gourd
This requires grating the bitter gourd (after peeling) in a hand held grater.

Sliced bitter gourd
Cut the gourd longitudinally to get thin or thick strips or slices as per the recipe.

How to select Karela, Bitter Gourd
Young immature bitter gourds are the best for cooking: the skin is bright green in color, the flesh inside is white, and the seeds are small and tender. The vegetable is ridged, and the skin is pebbly in texture. Do not use mature bitter gourds as they tend to be more bitter. Although it can also be eaten when it has started to ripen and turn yellowish, it becomes more bitter as it ripens. The fully ripe fruit turns orange and mushy, is too bitter to eat, and splits into segments which curl back dramatically to expose seeds covered in bright red.

Culinary uses of Karela, Bitter Gourd
· In the cuisines of South Asia and the West Indies, it is often prepared with potatoes and served with yogurt on the side to offset the bitterness, or used in subzis.
· In Punjabi cuisine, bitter melon is stuffed with spices and then fried in oil
· In the cuisine of South Indian state of Kerala, for making a dish called thoran mixed with grated coconut, theeyal and pachaadi
· In Andhra Pradesh, the popular recipes include curry, deep fry with peanuts (ground nuts), 'Pachi Pulusu' ( a kind of soup made up of boiled Bitter Melon, fried onions and other spices)
· Bitter gourd juice is a popular health drink, especially for diabetics.
· In Indonesia, bitter melon is prepared in various dishes, such as stir fry, cooked in coconut milk, or steamed.

How to store Karela, Bitter Gourd
To store bitter gourd, wash and dry them gently and place them in bags. They should last a week, when stored in refrigerator at 50° F. Both the fruit and the juice freeze well.

Nutritive Information for Bitter gourd (karela):
1 Cup of chopped bitter gourd is about 112 grams
RDA stands for Recommended Daily Allowance.

Energy - 28 calories
Protein – 1.8 g
Carbohydrate – 4.7 g
Fat – 0.91 g
Fiber – 4.8 g

0.08 mg of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) = 5% of RDA ( (about 1.2 to 1.6 mg for men)
0.1 mg of Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) = 5.3% of RDA (about 1.4 to 1.9 mg for men)
0.56 mg of Vitamin B3 (Niacin) = 4.7 % of RDA (about 12 mg)
98.5 mg of Vitamin C = 246.4% of RDA (about 40 mg)
141.1 mcg of Vitamin A = 2.9% of RDA (about 4800 mcg)

22.4 mg of Calcium = 2.2% of RDA (about 1000 mg)
0.68 mg of Iron = 3.4% of RDA (about 20 mg)
40.3 mg of Magnesium = 11.5% of RDA (about 350 mg)
78.4 mg of Phosphorus = 13.1% of RDA (about 600 mg)
0.43 mg of Zinc = 3.6% of RDA (about 10 to 12 mg)
191.5 mg of Potassium = 4.1% of RDA (about 4700 g)

9 Health Benefits of Karela (Bitter gourd)
Like Tulsi juice, a glass of karle juice is often recommended for good health. True to the fact, karela benefits us right from managing diabetes to strengthening our immune system to reducing body inflammation, purifying blood to promoting weight loss. Have a quick look at all well-known benefits of not-so popular karela.

1. Manage Diabetes : This is one of the most crucial health benefit known to all. Anyone who has just been detected with diabetes is advised to eat karela by all – be it a family member or a friend. Many studies have shown that they contain insulin like substances which help to keep blood sugar under control. Moreover the carb count of this gourd is also low, which is an added advantage for diabetics. The seeds and the juice of karela both are beneficial. If you want to opt for juice, try and drink a small glass on an empty stomach in the morning or it is best had in-between meals. Want to include karela in your meals? We have tried and tested recipes like Karela Theplas, Karela Tikkis and Karela Muthias just for you. These recipe have been crafted keeping in minds all the other necessary nutrients required to plan a diabetic meal.

2. Improve Gut Health : Regular consumption of karela has a very positive effect on digestive health. It not only reduces intestinal disorders like constipation but is equally beneficial for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) by helping to treat the parasites that enter the digestive system. Its high fiber count and natural laxative property is what aids digestive health. The antioxidants in the juice are also known to stimulate the digestive enzymes and promote digestion.

Click here to know more about the 9 Health Benefits of Karela (Bitter gourd).

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