white pepper powder
White pepper consists of only the inner seed with the pericarp removed by soaking and rubbing or by decorticating when dry. To make white pepper, the berry is picked fully ripe. Its outer shrunken skin is rubbed off, exposing the dried, grayish-white pepper inside.
White pepper has a milder, more delicate flavor than black pepper, and is useful for adding a peppery flavor to light-colored sauces and soup without adding black color. More expensive white pepper is hotter than black because it contains more piperine, the volatile oil that gives pepper its characteristic flavor. White pepper contains slightly less essential oil than black pepper. It is preferred in Europe, especially France,and is now popular in Japan for sukiyaki.
How to select
Avoid purchasing pre ground or crushed pepper, because its volatile aromatic notes quickly dissipate and what's left is single-dimensional hotness. Also, poorer quality peppercorns are commonly preground. Whole peppercorns should be heavy, compact and free of any blemishes. Just like with other dried spices, when purchasing white pepper try to select that which is organically grown since this will give you more assurance that it has not been irradiated (among other potential adverse effects, irradiating white pepper may lead to a significant decrease in its vitamin C content. While buying packaged white pepper powder, check the expiry date and feel for lumpiness( sign of moisture inside the packet.
· White pepper is commonly used in light colored European dishes like casseroles, pies,creamy shrimp and scallop sauces, mayonnaise, cream based soups.
· It's mainly used in fish and meat preparations, instant noodles, and snacks
· In Indian cuisine, white pepper is used for white or cream based gravies and curries.
How to store
Crushed white pepper should be kept in a tightly sealed glass container in a cool, dark and dry place. Whole white peppercorns will keep almost indefinitely, while crushed pepper will stay fresh for about three months.
· White pepper stimulates the taste buds in such a way that an alert is sent to the stomach to increase hydrochloric acid secretion, thereby improving digestion.
· Pepper is an excellent source of manganese, a very good source of iron and vitamin K, and a good source of dietary fiber
· White pepper has long been recognized as a carminitive, (a substance that helps prevent the formation of intestinal gas), a property likely due to its beneficial effect of stimulating hydrochloric acid production. In addition, white pepper has diaphoretic (promotes sweating), and diuretic (promotes urination) properties.