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Also Known As
Citrus Limon, Limboo, Limbu, Lime, Nimbu, Sour lime.
Lemon comes under the fruit category. It is round, bulgy and green to yellow colored fruit. It has a tart taste, due to presence of citric acid and turns sweeter on maturing.
These are ovoid or egg shaped, have sour to sweet taste, depending on their maturity. They have a nipple at the apex and may be slightly ribbed. When peeled, they give off a pleasant aroma from the oil glands. The skin may be thick or thin and the pulp is pale yellow colored, fragmented, juicy and acidic. There are ovoid seeds present at the core.
Grated lemon rind
Lemon rind is the peel or the skin of lemon fruit. To remove lemon rind, wash the fruit thoroughly. Now with a scraper or a sharp knife, gently start peeling the skin from top to bottom. It should consist of only the thin yellow skin and not the white portion. It has a nice fragrance and is used as ingredient in baked goods. Grate it with a grater to make grated lemon rind. It should be stored in air tight container under refrigeration until its use. Its main purpose is for its flavor. You can also use it in garnishing a salad or as a dressing for a mock tail, which consists of lemon fruit.
Lemon juice is prepared by crushing the pulp of lemon fruit and then straining it through a strainer. Lemon juice, canned, concentrated, dehydrated or fresh is used to prepare carbonated beverages and lemonades. It is rich in vitamin A and C, but lacks fiber. Lemon juice has its use in cosmetics in cleansing and bleaching products. It may also be used to wash the bottom of a copper vessel.
Lemon leaves are dark green, arranged alternatively on the stem. These have the nutritive value of lemon fruit to some extent. It has a herbal use due to its cleansing nature. Hence it can be used in brewing baths n combination with other aroma products like
Lemon rind is the peel or the skin of lemon fruit. To remove lemon rind, wash the fruit thoroughly. Now with a scraper or a sharp knife, gently start peeling the skin from top to bottom. It should consist of only the thin yellow skin and not the white portion. It has a nice fragrance and is used as ingredient in baked goods. The lemon rind should be stored in air tight container under refrigeration until its use. Its main purpose is for its flavor. You can also use it in garnishing a salad or as a dressing for a mock tail, which consists of lemon fruit.
For slicing lemon, first wash it under running water. Now hold on a chopping board and with a sharp knife, start slicing it. The diameter may be around ½ inch, but it is not necessary that all the slices are exactly the same. Lemon may be thinly or thickly sliced as per the recipe requirement. The slices can be used on mock tail glasses as a garnish. Recipes like Lemon Pie, iced lemon treat can be made. These can be freezed and stored.
How to Select
Lemon wedge can be made by cutting the lemon into 5-6 pieces in horizontal position. Wash and cut off the nub area on both the sides. Now cut it into 2 halves unpeeled on a chopping board. Now make 2-3 thick slices of both the halves, of the thickness as desired. These are called the lemon wedges and are very much used in photography of food recipes and drinks. It can be used on Rosemary drink.
Select the mature ones, which are orange to yellow colored and emit a nice fragrance. The thinner the peel or skin, the sweeter the fruit. Avoid buying the blemished or bruised fruits or those with any rotten smell.
There are a variety of lemons like the hybrid of orange and lemon named as Meyer Lemon. It is less acidic or tart comparatively and named after Frank Meyer.
The seedless variety is Armstrong Lemon, in which there are no seeds.
Sweet lemon or Mosambi, is sweet to taste and pulp is used to make juice. The seeds are white, oval and the fruit has yellow colored skin.Culinary Uses
· Lemons are used widely in many preparations.
· Because of the tart flavor, many lemon-flavored drinks and candies are available in the market.
· The skin can be peeled and used as toppings in desserts or cocktails.
· Lemons can pickled and stored.
· Lemon juice, canned, concentrated, dehydrated or fresh is used to prepare carbonated beverages and lemonades.
· Lemon slices are used in fish and meat dishes as a garnish.
· Also lemon can be used in making soups.How to store
Lemons have a good shelf life over all, but start deteriorating due to moisture loss or pests infestation. So it would be preferable to consume it as they ripen. It can be stored under refrigeration temperature, in perforated net bags and not in plastic bags. They stay fresh for 4-5 days after ripening in refrigerator. Green fruits may be held for 4 months or more, while the peel becomes yellow and thinner, the pulp juicier (6-80%) and the proportion of soluble solids higher (7-24%). Sometimes the degreening process is hastened commercially by exposing the fruit to ethylene gas, ethephon, or silane.Health Benefits
· When consumed during jaundice and fever, it gives a cooling effect.
· Lemon is a low calorie fruit and can be eaten by those on fruit diets to lose weight
· It has good dietary fiber with a low glycemic index, thus good for diabetics.
· It is rich in Vitamins A, C abd B complex required by the body for its processes.
· Minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus and potassium are also present.
· It has good amount of water content and can be given to patients suffering from dehydration.