crushed black pepper
Crushed black pepper refers to the black pepper corns which has been crushed or pounded into a coarse powder. You may do the same at home by pounding the pepper corns in a mortar with a pestle. Choose the texture from coarse to fine, depending on the cooking method, recipe requirements and individual tastes.
Finely crushed black pepper- This can be prepared by roasting the whole peppercorns and then crushing them into fine powder. A blender may be used for this purpose, however care should be taken to avoid grounding the peppercorns into too fine powder.The finely crushed pepper corns are used for marinades or stews or soups.
Coarsely crushed black pepper - Roast the corns, cool them and then crush them coarsely in a hand held pepper miller. It is best to ground the corns, just before sprinkling on the salads or stir fry vegetables.
How to select
Avoid purchasing pre ground or crushed pepper, because its volatile aromatic notes quickly dissipate and what's left is single-dimensional hotness. Also, poorer quality peppercorns are commonly preground. Whole peppercorns should be heavy, compact and free of any blemishes. Just like with other dried spices, when purchasing black pepper try to select that which is organically grown since this will give you more assurance that it has not been irradiated (among other potential adverse effects, irradiating black pepper may lead to a significant decrease in its vitamin C content. While buying packaged crushed peppercorn, check the expiry date and feel for lumpiness( sign of moisture inside the packet.
· Crushed black pepper matches well with: cheese, eggs, fish, game, lamb, pork, poultry, salad, sausages, soup, steaks, strawberries, tomatoes, paneer .
· Make mignonette sauce for raw oysters by combining red wine vinegar with chopped shallots, grated lemon, sea salt, and finely crushed black pepper.
· Food Affinities: Most savory foods, especially balsamic vinegar, beef, brandy, curry, fi, red wine, red wine vinegar, seafood, vegetable stews.
How to store
Crushed black pepper should be kept in a tightly sealed glass container in a cool, dark and dry place. Whole peppercorns will keep almost indefinitely, while crushed pepper will stay fresh for about three months.
· Crushed black pepper stimulates the taste buds in such a way that an alert is sent to the stomach to increase hydrochloric acid secretion, thereby improving digestion.
· Pepper is an excellent source of manganese, a very good source of iron and vitamin K, and a good source of dietary fiber
· Crushed Black pepper has long been recognized as a carminitive, (a substance that helps prevent the formation of intestinal gas), a property likely due to its beneficial effect of stimulating hydrochloric acid production. In addition, black pepper has diaphoretic (promotes sweating), and diuretic (promotes urination) properties.