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Carrot have a long, narrow, cylindrical cone shape root, but they are also found in other varieties that may be thick and short in shape, or that are orange, red, purple, yellow, or white in color. The carrot has a sweet flavor and is one of the most popular versatile root vegetables. The carrot has a thick, fleshy, deeply colored root, which grows underground, and feathery green leaves that emerge above ground. Carrot roots have a crunchy texture and a sweet and minty aromatic taste, while the greens are fresh tasting and slightly bitter.
To blanch it, immerse in boiling water 1-3 minutes, remove, and plunge into ice water to stop the cooking process and then freeze. Keep Juliennes into cold water to preserve the colour and taste.
Wash the carrots thoroughly, cut off both ends and pull off any hairy roots and then peel. Chop as desired by the recipe and put into a saucepan of boiling water. Boil for 20 minutes, then drain off the water and use as desired. To retain the colour of the carrot you can add a pinch of salt and soda to the boiling water and after boiling immerse it in cold water for maximum freshness.
To use a knife to coarsely cut food more than one time, into small or large, non-uniform pieces. To cut food into small, square pieces ranging in size from 1/4-inch to 1 1/2-inches-larger than a dice, more uniform in shape and size than a coarse cut. These cubes can be blanched or boiled as used as per recipe requirements.
Begin with a clean, peeled carrot. Slice four sides of the carrot to create a rectangle. Cut squared carrots into sections that are the desired length of the finished julienned carrot. Cut each section of carrot lengthwise into approximately 1/8 inch thick slices. Stack the 1/8 inch slices and again, cut lengthwise at approximately 1/8-inch to form the julienne carrot strips.
For thick and long carrot strips, peel a carrot and cut into half lengthwise. Place one half of the carrot on a chopping board and cut vertically at right angle to make 1" thick strips lengthwise. Repeat the same to make more strips as per the recipe requirement. Depending on the size of the carrot, you can make approx. 5 to 6 strips from one carrot. Use as required.
Carrots can be peeled or unpeeled, as desired. Take a sharp knife, slice it from the top to remove the stem and then cut it into half from the centre. Finely chop ingredients by cutting them in small pieces approximately ¼ inch in diameter, although the chopped food doesn't need to be exactly the same size. If the recipe calls for the ingredients to be "coarsely chopped," make the pieces slightly larger.
To grate by hand, hold grater in one hand and the carrot in the other. Rub the carrot downward on the side of the grater with the appropriate sizes holes for the desired coarseness of the grated carrots. Be careful to keep hands and fingers away from the grater. Throw end of carrot away when it cannot be held on to securely while grating. Grated carrots add color, flavor, and nutrition to the food it is added to. They are used in salads, soups, sauces, and baked goods. Carrots can be grated by a hand grater, food processor, or blender. Before grating, clean carrots, trim ends, and peel if desired.
Sliced and blanched carrots
Slice the carrots and boil them in salted water for 8 to 10 minutes. Drain and pour the water to stop the cooking process. Use in recipes like subzis and rice.
How to Select
Wash carrots thoroughly, peel them and slice them with a sharp knife, thick or thin as desired, round or oval in shape.
Carrot roots should be firm, smooth, relatively straight and bright in color. The deeper the orange-color, the more beta-carotene is present in the carrot. Avoid carrots that are excessively cracked or forked as well as those that are limp or rubbery. In addition, if the carrots do not have their tops attached, look at the stem end and ensure that it is not darkly colored as this is also a sign of age. Culinary Uses
" Carrots are delicious eaten raw or cooked .Cooking carrots will bring out their natural sweetness. Take care not to overcook carrots, however, to ensure that they retain their maximum flavor and nutritional content.
" Carrot Halwa is the most popular and mouth watering Sweet dish.
" Enhance the naturally sweet flavor of carrots by adding a little honey or sugar when cooking.
" Carrots that have become limp can be soaked in ice water to make them crisp again.
" Carve carrots into beautiful garnishes or add them to soups Easy to pack and perfect for the favorite dip, the crunchy texture and sweet taste of carrots is popular among both adults and children.
" Shredded raw carrots and chopped carrot greens make great additions to salads.
" For quick, nutritious soup that can be served hot or cold, purée boiled carrots and tomatoes in a blender and add herbs and spices to taste.
" Spiced carrot sticks are a flavorful variation on an old favorite at parties or at the dinner table. Soak carrot sticks in hot water spiced with cayenne, coriander seeds and salt. Allow to cool, drain and serve.
" Combine freshly squeezed carrot juice with soymilk and bananas to make a nutrient-dense breakfast shake. Its juice is one of the most delicious and healthful, and alone or in combinations. How to Store
Carrots are hardy vegetables that will keep longer than many others if stored properly. The trick to preserving the freshness of carrot roots is to minimize the amount of moisture they lose. To do this, make sure to store them in the coolest part of the refrigerator in a plastic bag or wrapped in a paper towel.Health Benefits
Carrots benefits are legendary.
" Carrots are an excellent source of antioxidant compounds, and the richest vegetable source of the pro-vitamin A carotenes. Carrots' antioxidant compounds help protect against cardiovascular disease and cancer.
" It also promotes good vision, especially night vision. Bet your mother told you that eating carrots would keep your eyesight bright.
" Chewing a carrot prevents bleeding of the gums and tooth decay. It also increases saliva and quickens digestion.
" Carrot soup is an effective remedy for diarrhoea, as it supplies fluid to combat dehydration, replenishes the mineral content.
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